Patient Library


A crown ( or "cap") can return structure, strength and function to a tooth with extensive decay or damage. Made of porcelain fused to metal or all-ceramic, it can also help align the teeth. Your crown can be placed in just a couple of short appointments.

Fixed Bridges

If you've lost a tooth because of injury, accident or gum disease we can provide you with a bridge to restore your smile, function, and prevent your other teeth from repositioning. Most commonly, a bridge consists of a false tooth linked to two neighbouring abutment crowns. If healthy adjacent abutment teeth aren't available we may suggest a surgically-positioned post called an implant as an alternative treatment. For a bridge that replaces many teeth we may suggest a partial denture or an implant-supported prosthesis.


Bonding is a process dentists use to attach tooth-coloured materials to tooth structure so that it is non-removable. This enables the placement of sealants, fillings, veneers and crowns.


A veneer is a porcelain cover that is bonded to the enamel of a tooth somewhat like an artificial fingernail. Once bonded, it becomes a strong part of the tooth. Veneers can be used to mask stains, misalignments and improve esthetics.


Dentists recommend mouthguards for a variety of sports including hockey, football, gymnastics and bike-riding.


Tooth whitening is a safe, popular and effective way to achieve a whiter smile. You may select an in-office treatment just under 2 hours or try a take-home kit that can give you a gleaming smile in about 2 weeks.

Intra-Oral Cameras

People seldom have an idea of the actual status of their dental health. With the intra-oral cameras, an image of your teeth is projected on the TV monitor and you can now see what a dentist can!


Implants have been successfully placed for patients for over 30 years. They are made of titanium because this metal bonds directly to the jaw-bone and does not normally get rejected by the body. In a two-phase procedure, the surgeon will slowly prepare a hole in the jaw-bone, gently place the implant and let it heal for about 3 months. Then the dentist can place the crown, bridge, or denture overtop of the implant resulting in a stable restoration. Implants look, feel and function like natural teeth.

By imitating an entire natural tooth from the root up, implants offer a prosthetic solution that closely mimics nature. Strong and secure, your new smile will boost your confidence, enhance your appearance and improve your quality of life.

Periodontal Disease

This is a disease that 4 of 5 Canadians have and is the greatest cause of tooth loss in adults. It begins because of the bacteria present in plaque. When not removed, the plaque forms hard calculus. The bacteria in plaque and calculus form toxins that destroy the body's attachment to the teeth leading to infections, loose teeth and then tooth loss.

Contributing factors include smoking, genetics, medications, stress, puberty, pregnancy, other systemic diseases such as diabetes, and poor nutrition. Research suggests that bacteria from periodontal disease may enter the blood stream, create new infections and may increase your risk for heart disease! Research shows that this may also provide an increased risk of stroke, pose a serious threat to those already suffering from diabetes, respiratory diseases or osteoporosis. It may also increase a woman's risk of having a pre-term, low birth-weight baby.

Treatment for periodontal disease includes:

  • Non-surgical hygiene therapy
  • Regular prescribed hygiene maintenance care
  • Periodontal surgery
  • Pocket reduction procedures
  • Regenerative procedures
  • Crown lengthening
  • Soft tissue grafting